Amélie Litman


Institut Fresnel
UMR 7249, Campus Universitaire de Saint Jérôme
Av Escadrille Normandie Niemen
13397 MARSEILLE Cedex 20



Polytech' Marseille
Département Microélectronique et Télécom
Technopôle de Chateau-Gombert
13451 MARSEILLE Cedex 20



+33 (0)4 91 28 80 04


+33 (0)4 91 28 80 67




Current Projects and Areas of Interest
Assignment History / Experience  - Education
Teaching Activities  - Research Supervision  - Publications



Current Projects and Areas of Interest



I am presently working as a teaching and research assistant at the Aix-Marseille Université.


My research, done at the Institut Fresnel, is focused on the development of nonlinear optimization algorithms applied to inverse scattering or more generally to inverse problems in electromagnetism.

My teaching activities, done at
Polytech' Marseille are related to electromagnetism, stochastic processes and mathematics.


Assignment History / Experience



oct 2002

Assistant Professor at Institut Fresnel
Development of numerical methods for inverse scattering applications.
Project Leader of the
CESAR project from 2006 to 2010.
Team Leader of the
HIPE team since 2008.


sept 2001
oct 2002

Project Leader at Schlumberger, Clamart, France

Project: Invasion 2
In charge of supervising and coordinating the algorithmic parts of the Invasion 2 product, a software platform for the interpretation of resistivity measurements in formation evaluation, for oil prospection


july 1999
sept 2001

Development Engineer at Schlumberger, Clamart, France
Project: Invasion 2
In charge of the development of some inversion algorithms for the interpretation of resistivity measurements


july 1998
july 1999

Development Engineer at Schlumberger, Clamart, France
Project: Platform Express Answer Products
I worked on the construction of a switchless algorithm for the density inversion scheme, whose goal is to be able to overpass the knowledge barite mud/no barite mud for the end-user. This scheme is part of the software platform used for the interpretation of nuclear measurements in formation evaluation


nov 1997
july 1998

Post-Doc Researcher at the Electromagnetic Group, Technical University of Eindhoven, The Netherlands
My research, done under the supervision of Prof. A.G. Tijhuis, was focused on the development of nonlinear optimisation algorithms applied to inverse scattering problems






Habilitation à diriger des Recherches, Université de Provence, Marseille, France, Nov 2009
Title: "Inverse methods for logging measurements and inverse scattering applications"
Location: Institut Fresnel

PhD in Applied Mathematics, Universite Paris XI, France, Oct 1997

Title: "Two inversion methods for the electromagnetic and acoustic caracterisation of buried objects : inverse Fourier-Laplace transform and level-set deformation"
Supervisor: D. Lesselier
Laboratoire des Signaux et Systèmes

Post-Graduate Diploma
Applied Mathematics, Université Joseph Fourier, France, July 1994
Major : Partial Differential Equations

Engineer Diploma in Computer Science and Applied Mathematics,
ENSIMAG / INPG, Grenoble, France, July 1994
Major : Applied Mathematics


Teaching Activities



1st and 2nd year students at Polytech' Marseille, Department of Microelectronics and Telecom

Course and TP of Computer Sciences (Langage C)

Course and TD in Electromagnetism

Course and TD in Numerical Analysis

Course and TD in Stochastic and Signal Processes



(Co-)Supervision of research activities



X. Faget
Title: "Application expérimentale de méthodes inverses avancées pour l'imagerie des propriétés EM d'un matériau magnéto-diélectrique "
Supervisors: N. Mallejac, A. Litman
Date: 2015-2018

I. Voznyuk
Title: "Outils numériques parallélisés d’imagerie 3D pour la caractérisation non-destructive électromagnétique"
Supervisors: A. Litman, H. Tortel
Date: 2011-2014

S. Nounouh
Title: "Imagerie micro-onde: Optimisation d'un dispositif permettant d'imager le proche sous-sol"
Supervisors: C. Eyraud, A. Litman
Date: 2010-2013

R. Lencrerot
Title: "Outils de modélisation et d'imagerie pour un scanner micro-onde : Application au contrôle de la teneur en eau d'une colonne de sol" (Manuscript)
Supervisors: A. Litman, H. Giovannini
Date: 2006-2009


Main Publications and Presentations



Geffrin J.-M., Chamtouri M., Merchiers O., Tortel H., Litman A., Bailly J.-S., Lacroix B., Francoeur M., Vaillon R.

”The Surface Wave Scattering-Microwave Scanner (SWS-MS)”

J. Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer (2016) 168:1-9

Akduman I., Crocco L., Litman A., Yapar A.

”Progress in Microwave Imaging: From Theoretical Developments to Cutting-Edge Applications”

Int. J. Antennas and Propagation (2015) 960927

Voznyuk I., Litman A., Tortel H.

”Efficient combination of a 3D Quasi-Newton inversion algorithm and a vector dual-primal finite element tearing and interconnecting method”

Inverse Problems (2015) 31(8):085005

Eyraud C., Geffrin J.-M., Litman A.

”3-D Imaging of a Microwave Absorber Sample From Microwave Scattered Field Measurements”

IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters (2015) 25(7):472-474

Diong M.L., Roueff A., Lasaygues P., Litman A.

”Precision analysis based on Cramer-Rao bound for 2D acoustics and electromagnetic inverse scattering”

Inverse Problems (2015) 31(7):075003

Tribelsky M., Geffrin J.-M., Litman A., Eyraud C., Moreno F.

”Small dielectric spheres with high refractive index as a new multifunctional elements for optical devices”

Scientific Reports (2015) 5:12288

Nounouh S., Eyraud C., Litman A., Tortel H.

”Near-subsurface imaging in an absorbing embedding medium with a multistatic/single frequency scanner”

Near Surface Geophysics (2015) 13(3):211-218

Voznyuk I., Tortel H., Litman A.

”3D electromagnetic scattering computation in free-space with the FETI-FDP2 method”

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation Letters (2015) 63(6):2604-2613

Eyraud C., Geffrin J.-M., Litman A., Tortel H.

”Complex Permittivity Determination From Far-Field Scattering Patterns”

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (2015) 14(1):309-312

Nounouh S., Eyraud C., Litman A., Tortel H.

”Quantitative Imaging With Incident Field Modeling From Multistatic Measurements on Line Segments”

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (2015) 14(1):253-256

Nounouh S., Eyraud C., Tortel H., Litman A.

”Modeling of the antenna effects and calibration for subsurface probing”

Microwave and Optical Technology Letters (2014) 56(11): 2516-2522

Eyraud C., Vaillon R., Litman A., Geffrin J.-M., Merchiers O.

”Polarization effects in 3D vectorial-induced current reconstructions”

Journal of the Optical Society of America A (JOSA A) (2013) 30(10): 1967-1974

Voznyuk Y., Tortel H., Litman A.

”Scattered field computation with an Extended FETI-DPEM2 method”

Progress in Electromagnetics Research (2013) 139: 247-263

Geffrin J.-M, García-Cámara B., Gómez-Medina R., Albella P., Froufe-Pérez L.S., Eyraud C., Litman A., Vaillon R., González F., Nieto-Vesperinas M., Sáenz J.J., Moreno F.

”Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere”

Nature Communications (2012) 3: 1171


X.Y. Zhang, H. Tortel, A. Litman and J.-M. Geffrin

“An extended-DORT method and its application in a cavity configuration”

Inverse Problems (2012) 28(11):115008


C. Eyraud, J.-M. Geffrin, A. Litman, J.P. Spinelli

“A large 3D target with small inner details: A difficult cocktail for imaging purposes without a priori knowledge on the scatterers geometry”

Radio Science (2012) 47:RS0E23


C. Eyraud, J.-M. Geffrin, A. Litman

"3D-aggregate quantitative imaging : experimental results and polarization effects".

IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation (2011) 59(4):1237-1244

X. Zhang, H. Tortel, S. Ruy, A. Litman
"Microwave Imaging of Soil Water Diffusion Using the Linear Sampling Method"
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters (2011) 8(3):421-425

M. Serhir, J-M. Geffrin, A. Litman, P. Besnier
"Aperture Antenna Modeling by a Finite Number of Elemental Dipoles From Spherical Field Measurements"
IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation (2010) 58(4):1260-1268

A. Litman, R. Lencrerot, J-M. Geffrin
"Combining spatial support information and shape-based method for tomographic imaging inside a microwave cylindrical scanner"
Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering (2010) 18(1):19-34


A. Litman, J.-M. Geffrin, H. Tortel
"On the Calibration of a Multistatic Scattering Matrix Measured by a Fixed Circular Array of Antennas"
Progress in Electromagnetics Research (2010) 110:1-21

R. Lencrerot, A. Litman, H.Tortel, J-M Geffrin
"Measurement strategies for a confined microwave circular scanner"
Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering 17, 6 (2009) 17(6):787-802


L. Crocco, A. Litman
"On embedded microwave imaging systems: retrievable information and design guidelines"
Inverse Problems (2009) 25(6):065001

J-M. Geffrin, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, P. Sabouroux
"Optimization of a bistatic microwave scattering measurement setup: from high to low scattering targets"

Radio Science (2009) 44:RS2007


R. Lencrerot, A. Litman, H. Tortel, J-M. Geffrin
"Imposing Zernike representation for two-dimensional targets imaging"
Inverse Problems (2009) 25(3):035012

C. Eyraud, A. Litman, A. Herique, W. Kofman
"Microwave imaging from experimental data within a Bayesian framework with realistic random noise"
Inverse Problems (2009) 25(2):024005

A. Litman, L. Crocco
"Testing inversion algorithms against experimental data: 3D targets"
Inverse Problems (2009) 25(2):020201

M. D'Urso, K. Belkebir, L. Crocco, T. Isernia and A. Litman
"Phaseless imaging with experimental data: Facts and challenges"
Journal of the Optical Society of America A (JOSA A) (2008) 25(1):271-281

C. Eyraud, J.-M. Geffrin, P. Sabouroux, P.C. Chaumet, H. Tortel, H. Giovannini and A. Litman
"Validation of a 3D bistatic microwave scattering measurement setup"

Radio Science (2008) 43(4):RS4018

O. Cmielewski, H. Tortel, A. Litman and M. Saillard
"A two-step procedure for characterizing obstacles under a rough surface from bistatic measurements"
IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (2007) 45(9):2850-2858

C. Eyraud, J.-M. Geffrin, A. Litman, P. Sabouroux and H. Giovannini
"Drift correction for scattering measurements"
Applied Physics Letters (2006) 89(24):244104

A. Litman and K. Belkebir
"Inverse profiling using phaseless data"
Journal of the Optical Society of America A(JOSA A) (2006) 23(11):2737-2746

A. Litman
"Reconstruction by level sets of n-ary scattering obstacles"
Inverse Problems (2005) 21(6):S131-S152

M.T. Galli, M. Gonfalini, M. Mele, P. Belik, O. Faivre, L. Jammes and A. Litman
"Resistivity modeling of array laterolog tools: an application in north sea clastic reservoirs"
Society of Petroleum Engineering (SPE) Reservoir Evaluation Engineering (2005) 8(1):77-87

A.G. Tijhuis, K. Belkebir, A. Litman and B.P. de Hon
"Multiple-frequency distorted-wave Born approach to 2D inverse profiling"
Inverse Problems (2001) 17(6):1635-1644

A.G. Tijhuis, K. Belkebir, A. Litman and B.P. de Hon
"Theoretical and computational aspects of 2D inverse profiling"
IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (2001) 39(6):1316-1330

A. Litman and D. Lesselier
"On attenuation-matched inversion methods of diffusive wavefields",
Inverse Problems (1999) 15(1):99-111

A.G. Tijhuis, K. Belkebir, A. Litman, J.M. Geffrin and J.C. Bolomey
"Two-Dimensional Inverse Profiling: Nonlinear Optimization and Embedding",
RTO Lecture Series (1998) 214:6.1-6.3

A. Litman, D. Lesselier and F. Santosa
"Reconstruction of a two-dimensional binary obstacle by controlled evolution of a level-set",
Inverse Problems (1998) 14(3):685-706

A. Litman, D. Lesselier and C. De Mol

"Mapping 2-D defects in a conductive half-space by eigenfunction expansions in K-space of Fourier-Laplace transforms",
1st International Workshop on Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation, London, England (1995), published in "Nondestructive Testing of Materials", R. Collins et al. Eds., IOS Press, Amsterdam (1995) 175-183